General course objectives
The course will provide students with a basic knowledge of the physical/chemical and biological interactions and processes in the ocean, and aid in reflections on the meaning for SDG14, ‘life under water’. From such knowledge and from environmental data and population dynamic parameters (phytoplankton, zooplankton and fish), the students will achieve an understanding of the structure and functioning of aquatic ecosystems, and how the utilization of living marine resources is managed. By means of simple modeling exercises the student will get a basic understanding on how biological and environmental data are utilized in management contexts. The course includes one full week with mandatory lectures, exercises and a field excursion, followed by two weeks of group project work.
The course will introduce with a description of how and why life in the ocean differs from life on land. We will provide a fundamental description of physical and chemical processes in the ocean, and understanding of how these processes impact marine life. The function of marine ecosystem and the dynamics of marine populations will be discussed in the context of fish stock management. Finally, modern technology to study ocean physics and biology will be demonstrated
A student who has met the objectives of the course will be able to:
- Describe and understand basic traits and properties of marine ecosystems.
- Describe simple principles and use quantitative tools for marine resource management.
- Measure, describe and interpret vertical profiles of biological and physical parameters in a water column.
- Relate observed physical observations to underlying physical processes.
- Compute physical, chemical and biological properties of sea water from electronic measurements (CTD, Electronic Paricle Counter).
- Measure, describe and model the size distribution of organisms in the ocean.
- Use simple population dynamics models.
- Describe how abiotic factors affect marine organisms