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Navigation Technology



Course format On-site
Date 2020-09-01 - 2020-11-26
Entry level Bachelor

Course content

Radio technology

  • Antenna /aerial theory, with focus on application
  • Modulation methods
  • Radio frequency- and effect spectrum
  • Signal to noise ratio (SNR)

Sensors and reference-systems (applications, limitations and design)

  • All relevant GNSS systems, including augmentation methods.
  • Systems and methods of heading and attitude determination.
  • Radio- and optical systems for terrestrial positioning on short and long ranges.
  • Remote sensing

Inertial navigation system (INS) with motion sensors (accelerometers) and rotation sensors (gyroscopes).

  • Related terms are; inertial guidance system, inertial reference platform, inertial measurement units (IMU).
  • Coordinate systems

Advanced signal-filtering technology

Integrated sensors

  • Integrated sensor-systems for navigation, motion reference unit (MRU).

Dynamic Positioning (DP) with focus on the control system

Safe navigation

  • Anti-collision systems
  • Human factors in navigation
  • The navigator as a system manager, choosing system pre-sets, interpreting system output and monitoring vessel response.
  • Man-machine-interaction problems; e.g. human-out-of-the-loop connected to the automation problem.
  • Reflection on safe navigation for and safe voyage, e.g. how to use all navigation aids in light of system and human limitations.

Navigation technology in the future

  • Autonomous operations
  • Human in the loop
  • Enhanced safety in navigation from an autonomous perspective
  • Digitalization in the future navigation technologies


The course requires a bachelor in nautical science, or other equivalent qualifications. 9371.

Learning outcomes

After successfully completing the course the students have the following learning outcome;


The student has…

  • An overview of the principles in basic and advanced radio technology.
  • A thorough knowledge and understanding of limitations and design principles of maritime navigation technology and different sensors.
  • An overview of the principles in different inertial navigation systems and how these can be physically modelled.
  • A thorough knowledge and understanding of the use of integrated sensors in navigation technology.
  • Understanding of man-machine-interaction problems related to the performance of navigation.
  • An overview of the principles of dynamic positioning (DP) and a thorough understanding of how the control system operates.
  • Thorough knowledge of signal filtering and predictions.
  • Knowledge about navigation instruments and decision support systems as a part of advanced navigation technology.


The student is:

  • Able to carry out and make use of existing knowledge and theories of different navigational technology.
  • Able to understand and evaluate the different systems limitations and their range of applications.
  • Able to understand inertial navigation systems - and integrated sensors.
  • Able to understand the limitations and the possibilities of an automated vessel.
  • Able to understand and describe the process of signal filtering in advanced navigation technology.
  • Able to discuss future trends in navigation.

General competence

The student is:

  • Able to utilize navigation technology in various operational settings, with use of appropriate theories to identify possibilities and limitations, with aim of safe and sustainable navigation.
  • Able to analyse and optimise control systems, for the benefit of sustainability and safety.
  • Able, through analysis of the variety of different sensors, signal transmissions and decision support systems, to operate and design projects that meets the demand for high quality in navigation and maritime operations.


ISCED Categories

Machinery and operators
Navigation and seamanship