It is expected a continued growth in aquaculture, both nationally and internationally. The importance of aquaculture for the production of food is likely to increase, and it will result in increasing focus on the environmental interactions of aquaculture. In Norway and Europe, most of the growth will happen in sea-based systems, and the aquaculture production must therefore be organised within the marine ecosystem without negative environmental effects. This course will provide a research-based understanding of developments in sea-based aquaculture, with a focus on environmental, technological and biological challenges that need to be resolved to ensure a sustainable development of the aquaculture sector.
The course will treat the challenges of the growth of the aquaculture sector, general marine ecology, water transport models, waste from fish farming, genetic interactions, parasite dynamics linked to fish farming, spread of diseases, introduction of alien species, artificial reef issues, coastal zone planning and new sustainable feed raw materials.
The main focus of the course will be on the sea-based aquaculture and environmental aspects related to it. However, mussel farming, cultivation of macroalgae and integrated multitrophic aquaculture (IMTA), and the importance of these within an ecological understanding of the aquaculture will be covered.
Candidates will understand ecological interactions between marine aquaculture and the marine environment, including aquaculture installations, operation of seabased farms, possible genetic interactions of fish farming, spread of parasites and the use of feed resources. Candidates will gain an understanding of the principles for future sustainable aquaculture production and which bottlenecks that is critical for such development. He / she should also be able to put Norwegian aquaculture into a global situation.
Candidates should be able to describe principles for evaluating interactions between environment and aquaculture, and understanding future trends in aquaculture.
Candidates should have good knowledge of comprehensive solutions for planning and operating sea-based aquaculture facilities. He / she must understand the dynamics of the marine ecosystem and learning forms and activities