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Protection of Marine Environment with Focus on Marine Living Resources Law



Formato del curso On-site
Fecha 2020-08-21 - 2020-12-04

Course content

The course offers a broad introduction to international law on conservation and management of marine living marine resources, after which the students will gain specialized insight into the legal framework applicable at regional and national level. The course will have an arctic approach. The point of departure is the sovereignty or sovereign rights of states over natural resources in areas under their national jurisdiction and their freedom of fishing in adjacent areas of the high seas. These rights and freedom are to be exercised within conservation and management obligations, which have developed following recognition that harvesting living marine resources affects the marine environment. Conservation of living marine resources is part of the obligation of protection of the marine environment, as reflected by the jurisprudence of international courts and tribunals. Climate change is affecting marine ecosystems and the living marine resources, such as the change of migratory patterns.

The course covers the following topics:

  • The general obligations under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and customary international law to protect and preserve the marine environment, and the interaction with relevant general principles of international environmental law. This includes the precautionary approach, the ecosystem approach, sustainable development, environmental impact assessment and marine protected area
  • Global and regional legal frameworks for the sustainable use of marine living resources with a focus on international law governing sustainable fisheries in areas under national jurisdiction and beyond and marine mammals, including the role of indigenous peoples
  • Legal developments concerning marine genetic resources and marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction
  • Overview on the challenges for international legal governance of the oceans in the context of climate change
  • Implementation of the legal obligations for sustainable use of living marine resources, by regional fisheries bodies and national jurisdictions in the North-east Atlantic/Arctic Ocean


Students must be at the master’s level and should have a basic knowledge of public international law and/or of EU law and international environmental law.

Students who do not have admission to the Master of Law-studies at the Faculty of Law must contact the Faculty for information about required qualifications and application process for this course. 

Resultados del aprendizaje


Having passed the exam, the student shall have acquired:

  • Advanced knowledge on the general principles of international environmental law as applicable in the context of the conservation of the marine environment and the sustainable use of its resources
  • Advanced knowledge on the legal regime under the LOSC for the protection of the marine environment
  • Advanced knowledge on the different legal frameworks governing the conservation and sustainable use of marine living resources
  • Advanced knowledge of implementation of international law on living marine resources at regional and national level in North-east Atlantic/Arctic Ocean
  • Advanced knowledge on the legal development concerning marine genetic resources and marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction including marine protected areas
  • Specialized knowledge on the different legal issues in the context of human uses of the marine living resources related to climate change


Having passed the exam the student is able to:

  • use different sources of information to structure and formulate scholarly and practical arguments and to critically discuss a problem from different perspectives
  • apply legal methodology to analyze a question of international environmental law in the marine context
  • identify and analyze questions of a theoretical and practical nature concerning the applicability of principles of international environmental law to the protection and preservation of the marine environment
  • identify and critically interpret the relevant sources of law for different aspects of marine environmental protection
  • identify and analyze critically the structural and issue-specific shortcomings of the current legal frameworks
  • contextualize new challenges to the existing legal frameworks

General competence:

Having passed the exam, the student:

  • can apply and transfer the acquired knowledge to new legal questions and scenarios
  • can communicate effectively, both orally and in writing about legal questions concerning the protection of the marine environment
  • knows how to engage in a scholarly legal argument both in discussions and in written form
  • knows how to find relevant academic sources and engages in independent desktop research
  • knows how to formulate relevant research questions, structures and writes a scholarly paper and complies with standards of academic integrity
  • is a able to demonstrate the ability to cooperate and effectively work as part of a team
  • master the English language and international legal terminology


Categorías CINE (ISCED)

Derecho marítimo y marino
Conservación y gestión ambiental