Drivers of change and opportunities for Ecosystem Stewardship in artisanal fishing communities inside Marine Protected Areas in south Brazil

Ocean ecosystems have witnessed the global decline in fish stocks and collapse of fisheries under the pressure of economic development and population growth. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are a strategy for ecosystem restoration to reduce loss of biodiversity. However, MPAs, especially ‘No-Take’ MPAs that were created under the top-down perspective can increase social vulnerability of coastal communities that are dependent upon marine resources to keep their livelihoods. Paranaguá Estuarine Complex (PEC) in Paraná, south of Brazil has over 200 years of fisher-folk community adaptation to urban area, port development, tourism, fisheries regulation, and environmental protection legislations. In this paper, impact of these drivers on the livelihoods and ecosystem stewardship of a local community is discussed. Four Caiçara communities of PEC, inside no-take, inside sustainable use and outside protected areas were studied. The restrictions to extractive use in MPAs reduce livelihood diversity, yet the environmental quality is preserved from urbanization. Observed strategies to cope and transform include; contribution towards bridging organizations, emergent of social capital in fisher-folk organization, increasing self-reliance, and information exchange. Despite the intense conflict between MPAs managers and fisher folks, opportunities creating the management plan are offering a new room for fostering Ecosystem Stewardship.

ISCED Categories

The highlighted icons, represent the fields of education (in compliance with ISCED Classification) engaged during this course/programme.

0831 - Fisheries", "0522 - Conservation and environmental management", "0312 - Policy and governance